- Does the facility discharge wastewater or any oil, grease, or other chemicals down a floor drain to a publicly owned treatment works (POTW) (another name for the local sewage treatment plant)? If the answer is yes, a facility owner or operator may need to have a pretreatment permit for these types of discharges.
- Does the facility have any stormwater discharges, such as runoff that is collected in a storm drain and discharged to a water body or treatment plant or runoff from a construction site? If the answer is yes, a facility owner or operator will typically need a NPDES stormwater permit for this type of stormwater discharge.
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- Does the facility discharge any wastewater to a stream, river, lake, or ocean? If so, a facility owner or operator will typically have to apply for a state or federal wastewater discharge permit.
- Does the facility want to conduct any construction or other activity in an area that could be a marsh or bog or otherwise covered with water and designated as wetlands? If yes, a facility owner or operator will typically need a federal dredge and fill permit and state/ local permits for activity in or near a wetlands area.
- Does the facility have underground storage tanks (USTs) or aboveground storage tanks (ASTs), heating oil tanks, petroleum tanks, or other types of containers that contain substances that could leak onto the ground and contaminate groundwater resources? If yes, a facility owner or operator of a regulated site may need a spill prevention plan under CWA or a facility response plan under OPA.
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- Does the facility house a large number of animals that subsequently produce animal waste, including feedlot runoff, livestock waste, bedding and litter, and wasted feed? A farm owner or operator will need a NPDES agricultural permit if concentrated animal populations exceed certain levels.
- Does the facility maintain, treat, or otherwise provide drinking water to the public? If yes, there may be permit and training requirements for operations that provide drinking water.