Emergency Preparedness and Response, Special Topics in Environmental Management

More About Petroleum USTs

UST owners must fill out a notification form certifying that the tank and piping were installed according to industry codes.


All owners and operators of new UST systems must ensure that one or more of the following methods of certification, testing, or inspection is used to demonstrate compliance with federal UST installation requirements by providing a certification of compliance on the UST notification form.


  • The installer has been certified by the tank and piping manufacturers.
  • The installer has been certified or licensed by the implementing agency.
  • The installation has been inspected and certified by a registered professional engineer with education and experience in UST system installation.
  • The installation has been inspected and approved by the implementing agency.
  • All work listed in the manufacturer’s installation checklists has been completed.
  • The owner and operator have complied with another method for ensuring compliance with the installation requirements of the rule that is determined by the implementing agency to be no less protective of human health and the environment.

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Industry Standards

The storage tank industry has developed various technical standards for USTs. Some states have incorporated these industry standards into their UST statutes and regulations. Following is a list of organizations and the titles of a few of their standards or codes that relate to UST management:

  • American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
    • Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping, ANSI B31.3
    • Liquid Transportation Systems for Hydrocarbons, Liquid Petroleum, Gas, Anhydrous Ammonia, and Alcohols, ANSI B31.4
  • American Petroleum Institute (API)
    • Removal and Disposal of Used Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks, API 1604
    • installation of Underground Petroleum Product Storage Systems, API 1615
  • American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
    • Standard Guide for Using Release Detection Devices with Underground Storage Tanks, ASTM E1430
    • Standard Specification for Glass-Fiber-Reinforced Polyester Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks, ASTM D4021-86

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  • National Association of Corrosion Engineers (NACE)
    • Control of External Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Metallic Piping Systems, NACE RP-0169-92
    • Repair of Lining Systems, NACE RP-0184-84
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA)
  • Flammable and Combustible Liquids Code, NFPA 30
  • Automobile and Marine Service Station Code, NFPA 30A
  • Cleaning or Safeguarding Small Tanks and Containers, NFPA 327

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